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Dalla Commissione europea

Opinion paper on advanced digitalisation of research

This opinion paper identifies the state of the art of the advanced digitalisation of research as well as the bottlenecks to be addressed to comply with the objectives and to contribute to make a fully operational EOSC.


European Commission (june 2024)

Tracking country innovation performance: the Innovation Output Indicator 2023

This report presents the 2023 results of the Innovation Output Indicator (IOI), a composite indicator published by the European Commission since 2013 to offer an output-focused metric of innovation performance at the country and EU levels.


European Commission (june 2024)

ERA Country Report 2023: Italy

Assessment of the Implementation of the ERA Policy Agenda and ERA Priorities in the Italian context.


European Commission (may 2024)

Improving access to and reuse of research results, publications and data for scientific purposes

Study to evaluate the effects of the EU copyright framework on research and the effects of potential interventions and to identify and present relevant provisions for research in EU data and digital legislation, with a focus on rights and obligations.


European Commission (may 2024)

Directionality in R&I policy: A methodology to assess practices in the EU Member States and associated countrie

This report proposes a framework aiming to assess the use of directionality in national R&I systems across the EU. It adopts a dual approach: a macro perspective using publicly available datasets, and a micro-level approach focusing on specific programs.


European Commission (may 2024)

CORDIS results pack on open schooling

The nine EU-funded projects featured in this Results Pack focus on fostering an open learning educational ecosystem that will equip students with all they need to navigate their life today and anticipate future advances.


European Commission (may 2024)

Researchers' skills

This report addresses researcher skills, as part of a series of three feedback to policy reports, that take stock of the progress and promising practices generated by a selection of EU-funded projects on skills, research assessment reform and the R&I activities of the Horizon 2020 ‘Science with and for Society’ (SWAFS) projects supporting the alliances.


European Commission (april 2024)

Report on research assessment

This report addresses the contributions of projects funded by Horizon 2020 and Horizon Europe to the reform of research assessment practices. The aim of the report is to map research assessment activities that are tested, developed and implemented through EU-funded projects, and to support the dissemination of good practices stemming from them.


European Commission (april 2024)

Report on good practices from European University Alliances Projects

This report presents a selection of good practices from the 22 Pilot II European University Alliance projects (alliances SwafS projects hereafter) funded under the Horizon 2020 IBA-SwafS-Support-2-2020 call. The report does not present all good practices from the alliances, but only showcases interesting examples of transformational changes across the Pilot II alliances SwafS projects.


European Commission (april 2024)

Living guidelines on the responsible use of generative AI in research

The guidelines support the European research community in their responsible use of generative artificial intelligence (AI). These guidelines provide simple and actionable recommendations to the research community on their use of generative AI.


European Commission (march 2024)

ERA Scoreboard 2023

The ERA Scoreboard 2023 provides an EU-level assessment on the progress made towards achieving the ERA priorities as defined in the Pact for Research and Innovation. It builds on 18 indicators: two general indicators measuring progress in the European R&I system and 16 specific indicators – one for each Pact for R&I sub-priority.


European Commission (March 2024)

New European innovation agenda on the move

This report focus on the state of play of the new European innovation agenda


European Commission (March 2024)

The added value of European investments in research and innovation

Since 1984, the European Union (EU) invests in research and innovation (R&I) through the EU Framework Programmes (FP). This study sheds light on the added value of these long-term investments. To do so, the paper reviews the historical evolution of the FPs, presents the economic rationales for public financing of R&I, and explains the advantages of performing such efforts at the EU level beyond the actions of individual Member States.


European Commission (March 2024)

Why investing in research and innovation matters for a competitive, green, and fair Europe

This paper provides a rationale on why investing in research and innovation (R&I) matters for Europe. It describes the potential of R&I to strengthen EU’s competitiveness, support a green and sustainable future, and build a fair European society.


European Commission (March 2024)

Research and innovation for climate neutrality by 2050

The objective of this study is to contribute to these strategic planning discussions by not only identifying high-risk and high-impact climate mitigation solutions, but most importantly look beyond individual solutions and consider how systemic interactions of climate change mitigation approaches can be integrated in the development of R&I agendas.


European Commission (2024)

Communication on Advanced Materials for Industrial Leadership (Factsheet)

Advanced materials are crucial building blocks for the EU’s resilience and open strategic autonomy. They are on the list of ten critical technology areas for the Union’s economic security. In this factsheet are summarised the action for a European Advanced materials ecosystem.


European Commission (2024)

The next frontier for climate change science

This report draws attention to where additional research is required to effectively and adequately address climate change, aiming to inform future calls under the EU Horizon Europe R&I Programme and beyond.


European Commission (2024)

Unveiling the transformative potential of the EU framework programme for R&I

This paper explores the European Framework Programme (FP) for Research and Innovation’s (R&I) evolution over the last two decades, focusing on its integration of Transformative Innovation Policy (TIP) elements.


European Commission (2024)

The European Research Area

A factsheet to explain what is the European Research Area: “a single, borderless market for research, innovation and technology across the EU, where countries come together and improve their research policies and systems and where there is free movement of researchers, knowledge and innovation”


European Commission (2024)

CORDIS results pack on science communication

This updated Results Pack on science communication showcases nine innovative projects building towards this goal.


European Commission (2024)

CORDIS results pack on AI in science

This results pack presents 15 ongoing, or recently completed EU-funded projects that highlight various applications of AI in science. It underlines how its responsible application and the use of techniques like machine learning can help science deliver innovation and address problems that would otherwise be too difficult and time consuming to solve.


European Commission (2023)

Transformational education in poly-crisis

This paper addresses the challenges facing education systems in the context of multiple crises, such as the COVID-19 pandemic and other societal, economic, and environmental challenges.


European Commission (2023)

AI in science

This policy brief addresses science-specific AI challenges such as preserving scientific integrity, preventing technology misuse and capitalising on the power of data. The policy brief is a contribution to a dialogue on optimising AI to bolster the future of European science.


European Commission (2023)

Being right or fair - A portfolio approach to research funding

This paper argues that portfolio theory provides a powerful tool to make research funding decisions. Survey data show that policy practitioners working in the field of research and innovation policy have a relatively strong preference for the merit-based funding model, suggesting the presence of a “club-effect” in line with the alleged agency relationship.


European Commission (2023)

The road to success - How regional innovation ecosystems can improve participation in the European Framework Programme for R&I

This paper uses multiple linear and fractional probit regressions to assess the importance of regional research capacities and assets, as well as intrinsic characteristics of the regions in defining success in the European R&I Framework Programme.


European Commission (2023)

The transformative nature of the European framework programme for research and innovation

This study assesses the evolution of the European R&I Framework Programme, focusing on its integration of transformative innovation policy (TIP) to tackle societal challenges and foster deep societal transformation.


European Commission (2023)

Mapping and modelling of excellence initiatives in research and innovation

As part of the ‘Towards a European Excellence Initiative’ study, this report presents findings from a mapping of such initiatives, provides benchmarks with initiatives outside EU, extrapolates models for excellence initiatives, and offers recommendations on how a future European excellence initiative could fill gaps in the R&I system.


European Commission (2023)

2023 Report on the state of the Digital Decade

The first State of the Digital Decade report takes stock of the EU’s progress towards a successful digital transformation as set out in the Digital Decade Policy Programme 2030. This report highlights the need to accelerate and deepen the collective efforts, including through policy measures and investment in digital technologies, skills and infrastructures.


European Commission (2023)

Harnessing the power of collaboration for nature-based solutions

This briefing paper presents practical examples and inspiration for local decision-makers on utilizing co-governance approaches to promote participatory processes and collaborative creation of nature-based solutions. It explores how to fully harness the potential of these solutions in their design, implementation, and maintenance.


European Commission (2023)

The European Year of Skills

An adequate skill offer is a precondition for well-functioning and inclusive European societies and economies. EU-funded projects working within the context of the European Year of Skills show how investing in skills not only transforms lives but also reinforces Europe’s position in the world.


European Commission (2023)

The impact of AI on R&I

This literature review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of AI applications in research and innovation from various perspectives.


European Commission (2023)

Systems based methods for research & innovation policy

The study aims to provide evidence of system methods that can be used in the policy cycle to address complexity and support systemic transitions through transformative innovation policy. To do so the study provides a review of system methods and an evaluation of their application and added value at the different stages of the policy cycle.


European Commission (2023)

Biodiversity conservation

This report presents an overview of the measures needed for biodiversity conservation, as well the main EU actions addressing them. It provides a synthesis and preliminary analysis of the state of current knowledge on conservation issues, and of the wide range of EU policy domains, projects and initiatives that address or influence biodiversity conservation, directly as well as indirectly.


European Commission (2023)

Research on deliberative and participatory practices in the EU

This report pursues two main objectives: to map research on deliberative and participatory practices in the EU, and identify gaps requiring further research, and to make recommendations to policymakers at all levels (EU, national, regional, and local) about possible ways forward. Specifically, the report suggests how to engage better with citizens and how to coordinate, consolidate and expand the implementation of deliberative and participatory practices, considering their multi-level dimensions in a diverse EU.


European Commission (June 2023)

Trends in the use of AI in science - A bibliometric analysis

This paper provides new insights into the role of Artificial Intelligence in scientific research across various domains of science. It is evident that AI as applied to science and research has been growing at a significant pace in recent years, with China leading the way, followed by the EU and the US.


European Commission (June 2023)

The integration of key transformative R&I principles in European policies

This paper analyses how European R&I policy contributes to the sustainability agenda. It assesses how the principles guiding transformative R&I policy as developed in the 2020 edition of the Science Research and Innovation Performance of the EU are reflected, embedded and made operational in a selection of EU policy interventions.


European Commission (June 2023)

Advanced materials research for industry and society

Advanced materials, including nanomaterials, are designed to have new or enhanced properties and improved performance over conventional materials in products and processes.


European Commission (June 2023)

Evaluation study of the European framework programmes for research and innovation for a resilient Europe

This final report provides the results of the ‘Resilient Europe study’ implemented in the period between December 2021 and January 2023. The study covers Horizon 2020 activities that contribute to building a more resilient Europe in terms of addressing the following challenges: Societal Challenge 1; Societal Challenge 6; Societal Challenge 7. In parallel, the study also assesses four institutional partnerships.


European Commission (June 2023)

REA fosters excellence in science for European Year of Skills

Europe needs a highly skilled population to tackle the challenges of the green and digital transitions, demographic change and unprecedented crises. The European Year of Skills (EYS) aims to boost lifelong learning opportunities, to empower people and companies to contribute to the transitions, and to support innovation and competitiveness.


European Commission (May 2023)

COVID-19 impact on gender equality in research & innovation

This report presents the findings of the European Commission’s Expert Group on the COVID-19 impact on gender equality in Research and Innovation (R&I). The report highlights in particular the pandemic’s gendered impact on academic productivity, early career researchers, and work-life balance.


European Commission (May 2023)

Industrial decarbonisation

This MLE will serve as a platform to discuss specific needs and interests of participating countries, exchange experiences and knowledge about success factors and lessons learned and provide guidance to policy makers on how to develop or update their industrial technology roadmaps and sector-specific strategies for industrial decarbonisation.


European Commission (May 2023)

Mutual learning exercise - Citizen science initiatives

The main aim of the MLE has been to identify and promote good practices, experience and lessons learned, in addition to policies and programmes for Citizen Science among 11 participating countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia and Sweden).

citizen science final report_cover

European Commission (April 2023)

Fostering excellent science for future generations

In this brochure, you will discover some of our fascinating projects and learn more about what REA can do for you.


European Commission (April 2023)

Code of practice on standardisation in the European Research Area

The objective is to make this publication widely spread to raise awareness on the Code of practice and to foster its uptake by the broadest possible range of R&I actors.


European Commission (March 2023)

Leading the new wave of deep tech innovation

The document looks each of the actions funded under the European Innovation Ecosystems work programme and contribute to the implementation of the new European Innovation Agenda objectives.


European Commission (February 2023)

The funding & tenders portal from a client's perspective

This report includes insights into the Portal clients and summarizes the results of two consultations launched last year to gather data on the experience of F&T Portal clients and to identify key areas for improvement. It includes the findings of a general survey launched in May and subsequent rounds of dedicated virtual feedback sessions involving 76 beneficiaries of the F&T Portal.


European Commission (February 2023)

R&I contribution to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), elaboration of specific topics

This study aims to support the Directorate General on Research and Innovation (DG R&I) in the development of the 3Ps (Planet, Prosperity and People) dashboards by identifying, rationalising and analysing indicators, which will be used to measure the contribution of research and innovation (R&I) in the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).


European Commission (January 2023)

European innovation scoreboard 2022

The annual European Innovation Scoreboard (EIS) provides a comparative assessment of the research and innovation performance of EU Member States and selected third countries, and the relative strengths and weaknesses of their research and innovation systems. It helps countries assess areas in which they need to concentrate their efforts in order to boost their innovation performance.


European Commission (September 2022)

Science, research and innovation performance of the EU 2022

The «Science, Research and Innovation Performance of the EU, 2022» report analyses Europe’s performance in science, research and innovation and its drivers, amidst multiple crises. The report combines a thorough indicator-based analysis with deep dives into topical policy issues.


European Commission (August 2022)

Valorising research through citizens’ engagement

With the aim to test the hackathon model as a method to engage citizens and develop innovative and feasible solutions to citizens’ needs while valorising knowledge, DG RTD carried out a six-month experiment – CitizensHack2022. The current document draws on this experience as well as further consultations with experts and practitioners to develop practical guidelines for hackathons as a tool to valorise knowledge with citizens on the driving seat.


European Commission (June 2022)

Strategic Foresight Report - 2022

The 2022 Strategic Foresight Report presents a forward-looking strategic reflection on the interactions between the green and digital transitions. Both are at the top of the EU’s political agenda and their interplay will have massive consequences for the future.


European Commission (June 2022)

From research results to innovative solutions

This report presents a collection of national and regional initiatives for knowledge transfer in EU Member States and Horizon 2020 associated countries with focus on two of the main knowledge valorisation channels: academia–industry collaboration and citizen engagement.


European Commission (May 2022)

Scaling-up social innovation - Seven steps for using ESF+

This toolkit recommends seven strategic steps to follow in support of scaling-up of social innovations. The seven steps are inspired by a range of European and other research projects, practical experiences, European Union (EU) policy acquis, and dialogue about research, practice and policy.


European Commission (May 2022)

Towards inclusive gender equality in research and innovation

The factsheet present tips and good practices for R&I stakeholders to support the inclusion and equal opportunity of students, researchers and staff from diverse and marginalised backgrounds in European R&I systems.


European Commission (May 2022)

Open science and intellectual property rights

This report presents the result of a study that explores the interactions and the balance between Open Science and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR). The report presents the state of the art and reflections to scope the statement ‘as open as possible, as closed as necessary’ in the context of an evolving and open Research and Innovation ecosystem.


European Commission (April 2022)

Study on factors impeding the productivity of research and the prospects for open science policies to improve the ability of the research and innovation system

This report aims to review evidence on three related lines of enquiry at the core of the current debates on research policy and practice: (i) factors that can hinder the productivity of research; (ii) prospects for open science practices to improve research productivity; and (iii) the ability of research and innovation systems to transform financial investments in research into valuable outputs and societal outcomes.


European Commission (April 2022)

CORDIS results pack on citizen science

Citizen science, for which citizens collaborate with scientists on research and innovation, has the potential to improve the excellence and impact of research and deepen the relationship between science and society. This results pack showcases 12 EU-funded projects that are developing good practices as well as building the capacities and networks needed to foster successful collaborations with citizens across Europe.


European Commission (April 2022)

Recovery and resilience scoreboard. Thematic analysis

The Recovery and Resilience Scoreboard gives an overview of how the implementation of the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) and the national recovery and resilience plans is progressing. The RRF entered into force in February 2021 to mitigate the economic and social impact of the Covid-19 pandemic.


European Commission (April 2022)

EU research and innovation and the invasion of Ukraine

This paper aims to identify and investigate the impact of the invasion of Ukraine by Russia in early 2022 on research and innovation (R&I) in Europe.


European Commission (April 2022)

European Research Area policy agenda

The ERA Policy Agenda sets out voluntary ERA actions for the period 2022-2024 to contribute to the priority areas defined in the Council Recommendation on a Pact for Research and Innovation in Europe (Pact for R&I). It is a first step to addressing comprehensively the priority areas set out in the Pact for R&I. Subsequent editions of the ERA Policy Agenda will further complement these actions in the long term.


European Commission (March 2022)

CORDIS Results Pack on gender equality in research

Despite significant progress over the last decades, gender inequality still remains a prominent issue in the EU. Published to mark International Women’s Day 2022, this Results Pack seeks to raise awareness of the importance of a gender perspective in research and innovation.

gender equality_cover

European Commission (March 2022)

A policy toolkit to increase research and innovation in the European Union

What research and innovation (R&I) policies should Europe adopt? The world faces a challenge to rebuild after the pandemic, but also faces the same structural slowdown of productivity growth that occurred in the decades before the COVID crisis. We need to have a plan around innovation policy to address the challenge.

a policy toolkit_cover

European Commission (February 2022)

The management and commercialisation of intellectual property in European universities

This report presents the results of an empirical study that explores intellectual property (IP) management practices among universities in the European Union. The report presents models and processes of IP management and research commercialisation – and their interdependencies.

IP in european university_cover

European Commission (February 2022)

Recommendations on how to make R&I a driver for sustainable development in AU-EU relations

This policy study is authored by the Advisory Group (AG) on R&I for Africa-Europe cooperation commissioned by the European Commission´s Directorates-General for Research and Innovation and for International Partnerships. The document presents the groups findings on how to best mainstream and boost R&I-cooperation with African partners in the field of (1) health, (2) R&I capacities, (3) technology and innovation and (4) green transition.


European Commission (February 2022)

European Chips Act: Factsheet

Semiconductor chips are the essential building blocks of digital products we use constantly ranging from smartphones and computers, to appliances in our homes, lifesaving medical equipment, communication, energy, industrial automation and more. The European Chips Act will ensure that the EU strengthens its semiconductors ecosystem, increases its resilience, and reduces external dependencies.


European Commission (February 2022)

Valorisation policies. Making research results work for society: from research to standards

Standards form a common language that allows researchers, people, public institutions and industry to communicate, produce and commercialise products and services. This is especially important in the European single market. The European Green Deal and the Industrial Strategy for Europe make clear that developing new standards will be essential to boost industry’s competitiveness, build a sustainable future and shape a Europe fit for the digital age.


European Commission (February 2022)

Meeting the pandemic challenges. Contribution of EU R&I funding to COVID-19 related research

Funding from the European Commission is playing a large role into all-important COVID-19 pandemic-related research. The study identifies 2 700 COVID-19 relevant publications, to which the EU research and innovation funding has contributed. The year 2020 saw 47% of the papers being published. The other half of the papers examined were published before the pandemic. These publications were supported by all parts of the two previous framework programmes FP7 and Horizon 2020, forerunners to Horizon Europe.


European Commission (September 2021)

Qualitative Evaluation of completed Projects funded by the European Research Council 2020

The European Research Council (ERC) supports excellent investigators and their research teams to pursue ground-breaking and high-risk/high-gain research. In order to monitor the impact of the funded research, the ERC organises an annual qualitative evaluation of the research outcomes of finalised projects. This ex-post peer-review assessment complements other programme analyses and provides an overall view of the quality and the scientific impact of the funded research. This report presents the outcome of the 2020 qualitative evaluation of completed ERC project.


European Commission (October 2021)

Testing the feasibility of a new industry-academia knowledge exchange concept focusing on companies’ needs

This feasibility study discusses the adaptability of an explorative co-creation method in an industry–academia knowledge exchange context. This study is based on the empirical evidence of the co-creation experience of five European companies and cross-border student teams. It clearly shows that the co-creation experience is relevant and adds value for all parties.


European Commission (September 2021)

R&I and the green transition

This literature review is developed by the ‘Economics of R&I’ team of the Chief Economist unit of DG Research and Innovation. It provides a brief summary of a selection of recent publications on R&I economics and policy. Contributors for this edition: Ana Correia, Océane Peiffer-Smadja, Julien Ravet (team leader).

R&I and the green transition

European Commission (July 2021)

A Systemic Approach to the Energy Transition in Europe

The opinion on the ‘A systemic approach to the energy transition in Europe’ is provided in support of the College of the European Commission. The scoping paper which sets out the mandate for this opinion focuses on the following question: ““How can the European Commission contribute to the preparation for, acceleration, and facilitation of the energy transition in Europe given the present state of knowledge on the possible transition pathways?”

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European Commission (June 2021)

Artificial intelligence, blockchain and the future of Europe

This report, produced by the European Investment Bank and the European Commission, provides a global overview of the state of play of both technologies. It shows that Europe needs to address an investment gap of up to €10 billion that is holding back development and deployment of artificial intelligence and blockchain technologies in the EU.


European Commission (June 2021)

EU valorisation policy: making research results work for society

What EU valorisation policy is, why we need it, what the EU is doing? The Council has asked the Commission to develop a strategy to accelerate the potential uptake of research and innovation results and data.

EU valorisation

European Commission (2020)

Activity Report on Citizen Science – discoveries from a five year journey

This publication is a report by the Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Commission’s science and knowledge service.
It aims to provide evidence-based scientific support to the European policymaking process

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European Commission (2020)

Mission-Oriented Research & Innovation in the European Union

A problem-solving approach to fuel innovation-led growth. A report by Mariana Mazzuccato

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European Commission (February 2018)

EU research & innovation for and with cities

This report provides an overview of the main EU Research and Innovation (R&I) actions for and with cities, promoted both at the European and international level to foster sustainable urban development. In addition it presents a detailed overview of budget of Horizon 2020 and the past three research Framework Programmes (FP7, FP6 and FP5) committed to city-related projects

EU for and with cities

European Commission (September 2017)


Report of the independent High Level Group on maximising the impact of EU Research & Innovation Programmes.


European Commission (July 2017)

Open innovation, open science, open to the world

This book brings together some of the key conceptual insights behind Open Innovation, Open Science and Open to the World and highlights actions that are already taking place or are being prepared.

cover_open innovator

European Commission (May 2016)

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